Online Atlas > Alabama > Alabama Museums • Alabama Photographs
Alabama facts and history plus travel and tourism information.
Long before the Civil War, the Cherokee, Chikasaw, Choctaw, and Creek tribes lived on Alabama's soil. The Creeks lasted through European exploration until 1814, when US forces defeated them in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Five years later, on December 14, 1819, the "Heart of Dixie" became the 22nd American state.
Alabama has a rich Civil War era history; the Confederate States of America were established in Alabama and the Constitution of the Confederacy was drafted here as well. Montgomery, the state's capital, also served as the first capital in the Confederate South. More recently, the Selma to Montgomery voting rights marches of 1965 were important milestones in the Civil Rights movement.
Historical sites from the Civil War, as well as plantation homes, gardens, and cotton crops, serve as reminders of the Old South, although peanuts, corn, and soybeans now grow on much of the land formerly used for cotton. Other major industries in present-day Alabama include aluminum, munitions, and fertilizer.
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Alabama History and Geography