New Hampshire Atlas
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New Hampshire facts and history plus travel and tourism information.
When New Hampshire was discovered by English Captain Martin Pring in 1603, Abenaki and Pennacook Native Americans lived there. However, Europeans who settled in the region twenty years later brought smallpox and other European diseases, which wiped out most of these natives.
As one of the original thirteen colonies, New Hampshire was the deciding vote for ratifying the United States Constitution. New Hampshire entered the Union as the ninth state on June 21, 1788. Every four years, New Hampshire holds the first state primary elections in the nation as the Democratic and Republican parties begin to select their candidates for the United States presidential election.
New Hampshire's terrain ranges from impressive mountains to lakes, rivers, and thirteen miles of coastline. Lake Winnipesaukee is one of the largest freshwater lakes in America, and the city of Portsmouth benefits from its location by the estuary of the Piscataqua River. In recent years, however, shipbuilding, maritime trade, and fishing have been taken over by light and technology industries.
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New Hampshire History and Geography