Online Atlas > Arkansas > Museums • Photographs
Arkansas facts and history plus travel and tourism information.
Capital: Little Rock
Arkansas was inhabited by Osage, Quapaw, and Cherokee Native Americans before the French explored the area and sold the land to America in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Settlers began establishing cotton farms in the 1820s, and Arkansas became the 25th state on June 15, 1836.
Following the Civil War, railroads and oil looked promising until the Great Depression hit and badly affected the state's economy even to the present day. Currently, cotton, lumber, agriculture, and manufacturing are Arkansas' major industries.
Arkansas' unique history awakens interest in this previously Confederate state. During the Civil Rights Movement, Arkansas' capital, Little Rock, found conflict over the issue of racially integrating schools. Years later, Arkansas' governor, Bill Clinton, became the 42nd president of the United States.
The Ozark Mountains are the state's major natural attraction, with their thermal baths at Hot Springs National Park and unique folk traditions.
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Arkansas History and Geography